Anacardium occidentaleAvocadoAllanblackia stuhlmannii fruit









Allanblackia stuhlmannii


1. This tall ever-green tree has many local names. Msambu, Mkange, Mkimbo, Mshambo, Mwaka (Kiswahili); Mkanye (Kibondei); Mkani (Kiluguru); Msambu, Mkanyi (Kisambaa); Kizigua – Msumbu-bwiti, Msambu-mzazi (Kizigua).

 2. Msambu is an endemic tree to Tanzania known only from the forests of East and West Usambara, Nguru and Uluguru Mountains and in the eastern parts of Iringa region.

3. The seeds are pounded and cooked to extract an edible fat (kimbo).

4. The tree does also have medicinal value. Fresh leaves are chewed to treat coughs. The oil from seeds is drunk in small quantities twice a day to treat rheumatism. Leaves and roots are used to treat impotence.

 5. Commercially, seeds are sold in markets for oil making. The bark and fruit produce a yellow dye.

6. Msambu is an ornamental tree which is also a source of bee forage.

7. The wood is used for furniture, firewood, boxes and beehives.

 Grevilea (Silky oak)

 Grevilea robusta

1. Grevilea is an agro-forest tree because of its deep-rooted nature which recycles nutrients far down in the soil profile to the surface. Therefore its roots don’t compete with agricultural crops. It grows in higher altitudes, from 1000 m above sea level to frost level.

2. The tree can be pruned to provide fire-wood.

3. It provides wind-break.

4. It is a commercial tree that produces timber for all purposes.

Mshai (Long-poded albezia)

Albezia schimperiana

1. Mshai is an indigenous tree. Its old name is Albezia maranguensis (from the name Marangu; a place in the northern part of Tanzania).

2. Very good agro-forest tree for intercropping with banana. It has small leaves which decompose quickly, thus contributing to nutrients cycling. At the same time, it provides light shade.

3. Its bark which contains saponin is used for cleansing feet, particularly by women.

4. It is an ornamental tree which is also good for water catchment purposes. With its leaves, it supports cooling and condensation of the air, thereby forming rain.

5. Its light but strong timber is used for furniture.

Majani mapana (Teak)

Tectona grandis

1. This exotic tree is very economical in water use because it shades leaves during the dry season. Majani mapana is a low-land tree.

2. In the first three to four years it can be intercropped with food crops (before the canopy closes)

3. Tanzania has the best teak seeds in the world. It therefore exports teak seeds to West Africa.

4. Teak plantations in Tanzania are surrounded by natural forests where there are bees which pollinate the flowers and produce many filled seeds. Therefore its seed has high genetic and physiological quality.

5. It prevents soil erosion.

6. This tree provides high-quality timber which is very durable. Its timber is used for poles, ship building, flooring and furniture production.

Mkorosho (Cashewnuts)

Anacardium occidentale

1. Mkorosho is an exotic tree. The major crop is the edible cashew-nut. It is a lowland tree grown particularly in the coastal area.

2. The fruit is fermented to produce wine.

3. Essential oil is obtained from the husks after extraction of the cashew-nut. The oil is used for various functions including cosmetic purposes. Traditionally, it has been used by the Makonde people to mark the skin.

Mparachichi (Avocado)

Persia Americana

1. This is an exotic tree that produces highly nutritious fruits. Its fruits are rich in Vitamin A. It grows in many ecological zones, depending on variety.

2. Pruned branches provide animal forage, especially for goats, as well as firewood. This reduces pressure on natural forests because people can get fire-wood within their farmland. In this way, biodiversity is conserved.

3. Its stem provides timber for general purposes.

Msenefu (Croton)

Croton megalocarpus

1. It is a wide-range, indigenous tree that can grow in many ecological conditions; from the coasts to the highlands.

2. It is a shade and ornamental tree with a spreading canopy.

3. The tree provides bee-forage that produces best-quality honey.

4. It is an agro-forest tree, i.e., it is suitable for intercropping with agricultural crops such as maize, bananas and cassava.

5. The seeds provide bio-fuel. Oil extracted from the seeds can be converted into diesel.

6. Cake obtained from seeds after extraction of the oil can be used as animal feed.

Msindano (Wiping pine)

Pinus patula

1. This exotic tree provides wind-break.

2. Its root-system controls soil erosion.

3. It is an ornamental tree.

4. It is a commercial tree that provides timber for construction and furniture.